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How to Write a TOEFL iBT Composition


Hence there’s absolutely no choice except to learn how to love article writing. When composing your analytical essay it can help you to really invigorate your ideas because you are going to have the capacity to analyze all of the important details of the thing you’re authoring. Article writing is simply a project that a lot of the persons don’t enjoy doing the very same. A side from you are required to be completely careful everytime you are composing narrative essay. Also, It offers the future direction of whatever is contained within the essay. Writers of analytical essays must get enough information regarding the material they’re authoring. Essay writing is a significant place of the curriculum. Following is a stage-by-step information for those pupils desires to really opt for GED essay writing exam.

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Argument or Situation Essay Subjects with Sample Documents


He knows not just the writers but likewise the a variety of other authors who’ve all kinds of bias. Ordinarily, an person may utilize inconsistent tight within the college essays consequently making grammatical blunders. As a literature major, I discovered the best way to enlarge my thinking past the novel and learn the best way to contemplate different viewpoints along with histories and different machinations on the other aspect of the text. Big words and little words must not be employed rather the suitable phrases ought to be employed while composing essays. The writer wanted to struggle for instruction. Consequently, the audience might even choose to sue you. Composition, english -telugu book on line article. The authorship of the disclaimer might be a tough task for somebody who has never created one before, consequently I will give you a concise manual which you will use and follow. Seeking at what you’ve created up to now, make a listing of conditions it is possible to look up to endeavor to get posts to your own paper.

*step 4 it’s now time for you to start the publishing.
In here you may discover lots of useful suggestions about essay writing process. The following post is designed to inform, and inspire. The queries prepare the youngster for these replies that may be provided. You need to locate a matter. As an example you might have a wide subject for instance politics or puppies. We utilize a massive staff of expert writers who focus on a broad selection of themes. This displays a broad array of reading. In here you often observe illustrations on various topics in some special formatting types and of distinct types of documents.

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Flip these into sentences and you may have your own subject phrases completed. Here is a variety of issues to take into account as you are making a review. In here you’ll find description of every period of writing. We’re confident our suggestions may allow you to learn the craft of composition writing and get positive emotions within the process of the project carrying through. Speaking about office safety, it’s significant to mention health insurance and security hazards. Safety in the workplace is critical to every industry. Pupils who desire to concentrate on the subject of health and safety are really required to compose a few essays on the subject whilst in college.

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2018 Porsche 718 Cayman Insurance


The Porsche 718 Cayman’s joyful driving demeanor, powerful flat-four engines, and stunning styling make it one of our favorite sports cars—as evidenced by its regular appearance on our annual 10Best Cars list. Sharing all but its hard top with the convertible 718 Boxster, the Cayman is a focused performance machine; and, as the entry-level Porsche sports car, its seriousness sets the stage for the rest of the lineup. It’s not perfect, but our complaints about the downmarket interior and expensive feature upgrades that are standard on rival sports cars are forgotten by the time we’ve rounded the first corner at speed. Yes, the 718 Cayman is that good.

What’s New for 2018?
The GTS model debuts for 2018 and boasts an output of 365 horsepower from its turbocharged 2.5-liter flat-four-cylinder engine. It comes standard with torque vectoring, an adaptive suspension, and a mechanical limited-slip differential. Wearing a unique front bumper, tinted front and rear lighting elements, black badging, black exhaust tips, and black 20-inch wheels, the GTS amps up the 718 Cayman’s exterior quite nicely. Inside, faux suede adorns the sport seats, steering-wheel rim, center-console lid, and door armrests. The rest of the 718 Cayman lineup remains unchanged for 2018.

Trims and Options We’d Choose
Even though the GTS model boasts a bit of extra power, we’d still opt for the midrange Cayman S, but we’d go easy on options since Porsche’s a la carte menu can easily shove the S’s cost well above the $68,750 starting price. We’d spec the 14-way power-adjustable sport seats for $2330 and the $3180 Premium Package Plus, which adds luxuries such as:

• Dual-zone automatic climate control
• Heated and ventilated seats
• Proximity key
• Adaptive headlights

With a six-speed manual transmission in lieu of the optional seven-speed automatic, our ideal 718 Cayman S is ready to tear up the road—or the track—for $74,260.

Homeowners Insurance


Every year homeowners suffer serious losses from fire, theft and natural calamities with the cost of damages running into billions of dollars. To protect against extensive financial loss, the wise homeowner should have an up-to-date homeowners insurance policy that adequately covers both home and possessions.

A well designed policy can protect a homeowner from losses if the home is burglarized or vandalized, or if there is a fire or natural disaster. Moreover, homeowners insurance protects personal belongings and protects the homeowner against lawsuits if someone is injured while on the owner’s property.

Policy types and packages
Homeowners insurance policies vary widely. To obtain a policy that best serves your needs, you should understand these variations and differences.

Until the 1950’s, homeowners could only buy insurance designed to protect against specific losses, such as one policy to insure against loss from theft, one for fire, another for vandalism. However, by the mid-1950’s, in order to make matters simpler for customers and to provide more comprehensive coverage, most companies began to “package” various forms of homeowners insurance.

There are currently seven standard insurance “packages.” Five of these are designed for homeowners, one is for renters and cooperative owners, and one is for owners of condominiums. As with other types of insurance, consumers may purchase varying degrees of coverage with each of the packages.

As a general rule, the more a policy covers the higher the cost or premium. The higher the deductible- the amount the policyholder must pay before receiving benefits- the lower the cost.

Keep in mind that different companies frequently use different names for each of their packages and that coverage may vary between seemingly similar packages. It is also important to note that homeowners insurance frequently insures considerably more than just a home and its contents. It may, for example, insure you against the loss or theft of your credit cards, provide considerable personal liability insurance for someone injured on your property, and even pay certain medical bills.

The Different Parts of the Policy

Homeowner insurance policies do differ in their actual structure, but usually contain basically the same components. The parts of the policy are referred to in this way:

· The Declarationssection is almost always on the first page. This section contains summary information including the name and address of the insured, the dollar amount of coverage in the policy, a description of the insured property, the cost of the insurance, the name of the insurance company assuming the risk and contact information.

· The Definitionssection is used to explain the meaning of terms used in the policy. These definitions are the key to understanding the extent of coverage your policy provides.

· The Coveragesections explain the extent of the policy’s protection under both property and liability coverages. Property Coverage is for damage to your property (house, other structures, and household contents) while Liability Coverage is for bodily injury or property damage to others actually or alleged to be caused by you.

· The Exclusionssections details what is not covered by your policy, under both property and liability coverage.It is very important for you to be familiar with what your insurance company will not cover. This is an area that is commonly misunderstood.You should consult with your insurance producer or company about the exclusions in your policy.

· The Conditionssection is used to explain the responsibilities of both the insured and insurance company under the policy. For example, this section explains your duties in the event of a loss and also the procedures the company will follow to settle any losses.

· Endorsementsare riders, amendments, or attachments to your policy which add, remove or otherwise change the standard coverage of the policy. Although you may be able to choose from a number of optional coverages or exclusions with your company or producer (agent, broker or agency), you may need to pay higher premium when optional coverages are added. You should also be aware that an insurance company may, as a condition of continuing your coverage, add endorsements that may limit your coverage. If you accept the endorsements and do not cancel the coverage, the exclusion will be attached to the coverage and once attached will take precedence over the original provisions of the policy.

Insurance for Homeowners

HO-1 The Basic Form- Provides coverage for eleven types of potential losses to both the structure of the house and its contents. Included are damages resulting from fire and lightning, smoke, windstorms and hail, vandalism, theft, explosions, riots and civil commotion, damage by vehicles and aircraft, glass breakage and volcanic eruption.
HO-2 The Broad Form- Provides similar coverage for all eleven areas covered in HO-1, plus six other areas. The additional coverage includes damage resulting from the weight of snow, ice, sleet, surges or short circuits in electricity (radio and television tubes are usually not covered), or problems stemming from improperly functioning plumbing, heating, and air conditioning systems or domestic appliances.
HO-3 The Special Form- Provides maximum protection for the structure, above what is covered under HO-1 and HO-2. Coverage for personal belongings is extensive but not as complete as with HO-5, below. Also, while HO-3 policies should be checked for specific exclusions, most HO-3 plans cover everything except damage resulting from floods, earthquakes, war, nuclear accidents and similar catastrophes.
HO-4 Renters’ Insurance- Provides personal property liability insurance for tenants living in either a house, apartment or cooperative. Most HO-4 policies provide property coverage against the same catastrophes covered for homeowners by HO-2 or HO-3. Insurance for rented structures should be provided by the landlord or building owner.
HO-5 The Comprehensive Form- Provides the most comprehensive and expensive coverage available to homeowners. HO-5 is not offered by all companies. Except for damage resulting from such occurrences as war, flood and earthquakes, HO-5 covers virtually everything. The companies that do not offer HO-5 frequently offer similar protection by adding supplementary insurance to a HO-3 policy. This method of coverage may be more cost-effective.
HO-6 Condominium Owner’s Policy- Provides owners with insurance for the interior space that they occupy plus the contents. The condominium association should provide owners with insurance for the commonly owned structures. Coverage under HO-6 is comparable to that provided by HO-2 or HO-3 for the houseowner.
HO-8 Older Homes Policy- Provides basic coverage similar to that available under HO-1. However, HO-8 differs in that it insures the house for its actual cash (market) value, not for what it would cost to replace. The cost to replace many older homes might be prohibitively expensive. Actual cash or market value is different from replacement value. Market value represents what you could sell your house for at the time of appraisal. Replacement cost is what it would cost to rebuild, not including the value of the land and foundation.
What is covered
What is covered by a policy depends upon which of the seven packages is selected and what inclusions or exemptions are specifically written into the policy. You should read the policy carefully before purchasing the plan. Most homeowner policies cover the following:

· Structure- In most cases, a house is not considered adequately insured unless it is covered for at least 80 percent of the replacement cost. If cost is no object the house structure should be insured for 100% of its replacement cost. Keep in mind, however, that the purchase price of a home includes the cost of land and foundation which are not destroyed in a fire.

Some homeowners only insure their homes for the outstanding balance on their mortgages because that is what is required by the lender. This may be unwise, because as a home increases in value and as the loan amount decreases, the homeowner’s liability for potential loss increases.

While 80 percent of the current replacement cost may provide adequate coverage, a homeowner should consider purchasing a policy that provides for 100 percent coverage, especially if the difference is significant. The policyholder who opts for less than the 80 percent coverage takes a potentially large risk in the event the home is totally destroyed since he is liable for whatever portion of the home’s full replacement cost is uninsured.

Some companies offer a “guaranteed replacement cost coverage” endorsement to homeowners policies. This arrangement provides the homeowner who purchases less than 100 percent coverage, but more than 80 percent coverage, with full replacement protection in the event of a total loss regardless of policy limits.

In many cases, the cost of a 100 percent replacement cost policy can be reduced if the homeowner is willing to assume responsibility for minor losses through a deductible clause. The insurer pays only for that portion of the loss that exceeds the deductible.

· Landscaping- Generally, trees and plants surrounding the house are insured up to five percent of the level of coverage on the structure. Additional insurance is almost always available at an extra cost. However, do not expect insurance to replace a 200 year-old oak tree with a duplicate, since that is impossible.

· Personal Property- Normally, personal property is insured for up to 50 percent of the coverage on the house structure. However, there are actual dollar limits on such items on jewelry, silverware, stamps and coin collections, and furs. In order to adequately insure these items it is usually wise to purchase additional insurance coverage by way of a “floater” or “rider” policy. These policies will independently insure specific items against theft, damage of any other type of loss in the home or away from home. Most expensive items must be professionally appraised before they will be insured under a floater.

· Temporary Home Expenses- If damage to your home requires that you live temporarily elsewhere, some or all of the extra cost may be covered.

· Personal Liability- Personal liability insurance is designed to protect the homeowner against a claim or lawsuit that could devastate the homeowner financially. If, for example, a visitor slips and falls on the front porch, the homeowner could be sued for hundreds of thousands of dollars. The homeowner also could be liable for damages caused by a tree in his yard falling and damaging his neighbor’s house.

In either event, the insurance company will pay the damages assessed against the homeowner up to the limits of the policy. While insurers offer minimum coverage, a homeowner often can obtain considerably higher protection for only a few dollars more per year in premium costs.

When reviewing an insurer’s personal liability coverage, you should check what protection is provided and at what cost. You should also find out if coverage extends to damage to personal property resulting from accidents that occur away from the home, or while you are on vacation.

If a visitor is injured on your property and needs medical attention, a homeowners policy will pay for the visitor’s medical expenses regardless of whether the visitor or the homeowner was at fault. It is standard for insurance policies to provide supplementary coverage that pays for minor damage to another person’s property caused unintentionally by the homeowner or another member of his family. A homeowner should ask if coverage is provided regardless of who is at fault. Most policies that include supplementary coverage provide payments for damage caused intentionally by children under 13 years of age because it is considered to be accidental. It should be noted that most homeowners policies do not pay for damage caused by an owner’s pet.

Under some “standard” policies liability insurance may be inadequate to protect against the full claims of persons injured on your property. “Umbrella” policies are designed to extend your liability coverage.

Flood Insurance
Flood insurance is never included in a homeowner’s policy. The federal government offers flood insurance for your home that can be obtained through an insurance agent. The Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Federal Insurance Administration administers a program to make flood insurance available in designated flood-prone areas at low costs.

To qualify for flood insurance, the homeowner’s property must be located in a community that has agreed to plan and carry out land-use control measures to reduce future flooding. Your insurance agent can tell you if the insurance is available where you live.

Since the mid 1980’s, the Federal Insurance Administration has permitted private companies to issue flood insurance. Under a “write-your-own” program, private insurers can sell new policies under their own names and settle claims. The U.S. government then repays the insurance companies.

Earthquake insurance
Most homeowners insurance policies exclude damage resulting from earthquakes. Policies covering earthquakes, however, are generally available from insurance companies and recommended in areas where earthquakes occur. These policies, usually, require a deductible of 10 percent of the cost of the damage.

Determining how much insurance to buy
The first step in determining how much insurance protection to buy is to calculate the value of your home and personal property.

Next, find out how much it would cost to replace your house and personal property. Your insurance agent or broker can help you by providing formulas or worksheets. Also, consider hiring a professional appraiser to calculate the replacement cost.

When calculating any replacement cost keep in mind that what you spent to buy something will likely be very different from what it will cost to replace. For example, clothing and shoe costs have escalated dramatically over the years.

It is recommended that you obtain at least three written estimates for comparable policies. A reasonable place to begin is with the insurance company with which you have had good results for your automobile, life or health insurance.

You may also want to ask friends, neighbors, colleagues and relatives for recommendations for a reputable insurance company.

In an effort to buy more cost-effectively, consider buying a long-term policy and avoid monthly or quarterly payments that frequently include finance charges.

Additionally, consider choosing a policy with a high deductible. With these policies you pay for all small damages or claims up to the amount of the deductible, then the insurance company will cover amounts over the deductible.

By waving the insurance company’s responsibility to pay for the smaller claims you receive the benefit of coverage for major or catastrophic emergencies without having to pay the high costs associated with low deductibles. By raising the deductible, for example, you may save up to 50% of the cost of your homeowners insurance.

Making an inventory
Before and after buying homeowners insurance you need to prepare and maintain a list of personal possessions and their estimated value. A thorough and up-to-date inventory list can save a significant amount of money in the event disaster does strike and the homeowner must file a claim. A good inventory record also can be invaluable when you have to negotiate a settlement with the insurance company, which will usually ask for evidence to back up claims.

A basic rule to follow is this: make a record of what you own, when you bought it, and what it cost. This may involve a lot of leg work, but the results can be useful. Generally, household and personal possessions are insured for half the amount of insurance on the structure. This means that if the home is insured for $100,000, the contents are insured up to a maximum of $50,000. However, additional insurance coverage for the contents may be purchased.

There are several ways to make a list of household goods and possessions. You can walk through the house carrying a small tape recorder. As you go through each room, describe all the furniture and valuables. Another method is to take photographs of the goods and possessions and then store the photographs in a safe location away from the house, preferably in a safe deposit box. Photos are good proof of ownership in the event an insurance adjuster questions a claim. Video cameras are also being used with increasing frequency to record the contents both visually and with a verbal description that accompanies the picture.

Another helpful suggestion is to keep sales receipts from purchases of household possessions- everything from clothing to stereos. It also is a good idea to keep cancelled checks and credit card receipts as proof of an item’s cost.

By using a comprehensive inventory of household goods and possessions, you can determine if an insurer’s policies are adequate and whether additional riders are needed to protect valuables. The list is extremely helpful in the event a disaster occurs. Insurance experts note that many people simply cannot remember what they have.

Tips to remember

Keep in mind that housing market values and construction costs usually increase every year. Therefore, homeowner coverage should be re-evaluated annually.
When shopping for a policy remember that a home is not considered adequately insured unless coverage is for at least 80 percent of the replacement cost.
There are limits to homeowners insurance that a policyholder should know. For example, most policies do not cover business property in the event the homeowner conducts a business at home. Only by reading the policy can you be sure how far the coverage extends.
When comparing home insurance policies, you should look for certain features that can save money. For example, ask if the company offers premium discounts if the homeowner installs security devices such as a burglar alarm system. Other insurers may give discounts if the homeowner uses identification devices to mark television sets, stereos, cameras and typewriters.
Discounts also may be available for installing smoke detectors. Your home should already have at least one smoke detector, which may lower the premium slightly.
Some state insurance agencies provide consumer buyer’s guides and complaint ratios for insurance companies that operate within the state.

The Importance Of Property Insurance


The basic goal behind buying insurance is to make you financially whole following a loss. You agree to pay a (relatively) small fee to an insurance company today, causing a small but certain loss to you now, in exchange for a guarantee from the insurance company that it will bear the burden of a large but uncertainloss in the future.

Let’s say that you have a house that you own, free and clear – with no insurance. As long as you continue to pay your property taxes, you have every right to enjoy the use of that house for as long as you like, as guaranteed by law. You may live there, rent it out, leave it vacant or even sell it if you like. However, if that giant tree in the back yard falls on your house causing severe damage, it is still up to you to cover the cost to repair the house. This is the basic reason to carry property insurance, which would have paid for your property to be fixed or replaced

Who Needs Insurance?
Thankfully for those of us who might be negligent in our responsibility to have insurance on our property, we are forced in many cases by either law or contract (the mortgage contract) to carry insurance. While not many, if any, U.S. state laws require you to carry property insurance, they do often require some form of liability insurance, especially for cars. This covers repair or financial restitution to someone else besides the individual at fault. For example, the person at fault’s liability insurance pays to have their car fixed, or pays their medical bills. Fortunately, when most of us purchase the required liability coverage, we are given the opportunity to purchase the property insurance (i.e. comprehensive or collision insurance) rather easily, thus saving us from financial hardship if our own car is damaged in the accident.

According to a survey published in the Journal of Financial Planning, many homeowners have vastly misguided views of what their homeowners insurance actually covers. According to this survey conducted by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, “One third of homeowners believe flood damage will be covered by their standard policy. Over half think their policy covers them in the event of a water line break. Thirty-five percent say they will be compensated for an earthquake, and a slightly lesser proportion thinks mold is covered.”
In actuality, the typical perils (causes of property destruction) that are typically not covered are:

Flood damage (this is a separate policy)
Earthquake (this is also a separate policy)
Acts of war
Parts of the property in disrepair (Including worn-out plumbing, electrical wiring, air conditioners, heating units and roofing).
Policies are often written so that for something to be covered, it must be “sudden and accidental”, meaning that it wasn’t a slow leak that caused damage over many months. Often this is not covered by insurance. If your roof caves in from old age, and not from storm damage, it will likely not be covered.
The typical perils which typically are covered include:

Wind (tornado or hurricane)
Liability Coverage
In addition to covering the value of your home or other property, many insurance policies also include an important provision for liability coverage. You may not think this is very important, being the careful person that you are, however, there are scores of eager lawyers in every city searching high and low for lawsuits against people such as yourself. Liability coverage is well known to owners of automobiles, but may be lesser-known to homeowners.

If your neighbor’s house catches fire because you left your charcoal grill unattended, who do you think will pay for the damage caused by the fire? You will. You have paid the insurance company your premiums so that they will pay for larger claims when they do occur. The same goes for someone who is hurt and requires medical attention while on your property.

If you are on vacation and your property is stolen, such as a diamond ring, you may be entitled to reimbursement. Be sure to document the theft with evidence that you owned it and you should be able to provide a police report to the insurance company.

Don’t Guess – Know
You should know what your policy does and – more importantly – does not cover. Insurance companies don’t stay in business by charging a minimal amount to cover any and all things which could possibly happen to your property.

Additional (Non) Coverage
Home-based businesses are not typically covered. This doesn’t include a home study, but rather a place where people come into your home as customers, such as a workshop where you repair furniture. You will need a separate business (commercial) policy to properly insure this area and its related liability. Again, these rules vary from state to state and country to country.

Also, if your property, especially your house, is left vacant for more than a certain time period, such as 60 days, then the homeowners policy may be canceled immediately by the insurance company. It is assumed that a vacant house is at a much higher danger of perils such as fire or theft, and therefore changes the risk profile enough to require a separate policy. If you have a second home or a vacation property, you may get another policy to cover this home as well.

Pitfalls to Avoid
Check to see if your policy covers repairs at actual cash value (ACV) or at replacement cost. Replacement cost is usually much better. Case in point: If your roof was damaged and needs to be completely replaced, replacement cost will pay for it to be fully repaired less your deductible, while ACV will pay you what your roof was estimated to actually be worth at the time of the damage. The tradeoff is that ACV costs less than replacement cost coverage.

Art and Jewelry
Additionally, if you have expensive jewelry or art that you want covered, you may need to add a floater. This is an add-on to your main policy. Many policies have standard amounts that they will pay out for losses to particular items, and they will pay no more.

Co-Insurance Clauses
Finally, some property owners only want to insure a property for what they paid for it, which may bring into play a co-insurance clause. This is (depending on local laws) where the property is insured for less than say 80% of its current replacement cost. A lesser amount of coverage and the insurance company will require you to share in a percentage of the repairs above and beyond the deductible amount.

Premium Factors
Do you live in an area prone to tornadoes, hurricanes or floods? Do you own a large dog or a swimming pool? Are you a smoker? How’s your credit score?

You may be a higher-than-normal risk based on your answers to these questions, and they will charge you accordingly. These are factors that the insurance company takes into account when setting your insurance rates. The more that these and other risks are applicable to you, the higher your rates will be.

Final Thoughts
One last warning: some insurance companies provide seemingly unbelievable rates for their policies. If the company is unknown and its rates are exceptionally good, this should be a red flag for you. Check around for the company’s reputation, and don’t just take the salesman’s word for it. Have a look at the policy and see what they cover, and what they don’t. You may find only too late that what you thought was adequate coverage, was barely the legal minimum in your area. Seek quality coverage – remember, “cheap insurance can be very expensive.”

A Quick Guide on How to Insure Jewelry


Some of the most valuable assets in your home may be unprotected.

We’re talking about your fine jewelry: your diamond engagement ring, the vintage Rolex Dad left you, the black-pearl necklace you picked up in Tahiti. Sure, you most likely have a comprehensive insurance policy covering your house and furnishings. But homeowners’ or renter’s insurance doesn’t automatically mean every item under your roof is insured (if you’re a renter, you know of course that your belongings are not covered by the property owner’s insurance. See 6 Good Reasons To Get Renter’s Insurance).

In fact, some policies specifically exclude jewelry and other valuables (musical instruments, artwork and furs among them). Other policies limit coverage to certain types of events and to a defined dollar amount. This level of coverage can be significantly inadequate, especially if you want to replace the sort of item that has substantially appreciated in value since its purchase.

What You Need
What’s required, if you have substantial assets of this type, is additional insurance. Known as a rider or, more specifically, a floater (which targets small, moveable items), it takes over when traditional insurance coverage ends, and typically covers the insured item against fire, loss, theft or damage.

Most major insurers do not offer jewelry coverage as a stand-alone product (an underlying property insurance policy is required). But owners of valuables can purchase coverage as an add-on to their existing homeowners’ policy. In fact, most of the more well-known insurers require additional handling for high-end valuables.

Cases in Point
At USAA, for example, a typical homeowners’ policy covers jewelry lost to fire or theft, but not to accidental damage or loss. The coverage limit for jewelry is $10,000 (no per-item limit) and is subject to the policy deductible (the amount you’ll have to pay before insurance coverage kicks in). For more jewelry coverage, a separate policy is necessary.

USAA’s Valuable Personal Property policy covers a broad assortment of accidents and incidents. It will, for example, pay for a replacement diamond if the stone falls out of your engagement ring, or for repair if the ring is accidentally broken. And the deductible is $0. This coverage also applies to musical instruments and fine art. No appraisalis necessary for any jewelry items insured for $15,000 or less, though a receipt or proof of ownership is required when making a claim.

Farmers Insurance has a similar approach. In a typical homeowners’ policy, for instance, jewelry is covered up to $1,000 per item and $5,000 per incident (theft, fire). Damage due to accidents is not protected. Farmers offers riders to cover valuable items, and the deductible is chosen by the insured (starting at $0). In most cases, Farmers requires a receipt or appraisal for each item being insured.

Geico and Allstate offer comparable options. Standard policies limit personal property coverage to $1,000 to $2,000. Riders or floaters are available to increase the amount of coverage, and to cover loss and damage not covered by the main policy.

What To Ask
When you look around for the best policy, keep these questions in mind to ask the insurer:

How exactly claims are handled: Will you be required to purchase a replacement and then request reimbursement,or will the insurer send a check first?
Is the item’s full replacement cost covered and how is that amount determined (especially if the item is antique or custom-made)?
Do coverage limits fluctuate with the price of precious metals or gems?
How often can/should you submit updated appraisals?
What proof of loss or damage will be required?
Which exclusions does the policy have? What types of loss and damage are not covered?
Additional Tips
Before buying your policy – and when making additions to it down the road:

Have your item(s) professionally appraised, to determine their value for insurance purposes.
Take photos of the item(s).
If you have the option, as with the aforementioned Farmers Insurance rider, consider increasing the deductible to lower the insurance premiums.
Once your policy is in place:

Keep all your items’ receipts, appraisal paperwork and photos locked away in a safe (but easily accessible) place.
Store items securely when you aren’t wearing them.
Avoid traveling with irreplaceable or extremely valuable jewelry.
The Bottom Line
Most insurance providers offer discounts to customers who purchase multiple policies. If you purchase your home, auto, life and property insurance from a single provider, you are likely to get a better deal overall (see Making Sure Your Jewelry Is Insured).

If you don’t have homeowners’ or renter’s insurance, you may be able to purchase stand-alone coverage from a provider that specializes in insuring jewelry. Some jewelers offer such policies, or can recommend a company that does.

Last, but not least: Protecting your property doesn’t mean you can’t ever wear it. On the contrary, if you insure your valuable pieces, you can use and enjoy them all the more, knowing they’re adequately covered. For more information, see Looking To Insure Your Wedding Ring? Here’s How.

Merhaba dünya!


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